The japanese Heian era garden is spiritual and extremely refined its aesthetics, its forms and substance. The different trends or styles have taken into account a respect for tradition and in additi, new styles and tendencies have been incorporated to the Japanese gardening along its long history.
All Japanese gardens maintain the following rules:
- The asymmetry with all elements in the garden. An oriental garden is always asymmetric. This concept is combined with a general equilibrium in the composition of the design, with all the participating elements.
- The simplicity of the forms, which have elegance and a great spiritual depth.
- The beauty of the empty spaces. In the design, the empty spaces are composed as necessary and complemented with water, stones, ground, grassland… This rule is essential for the harmony of the whole garden.
- The majestic austerity, the beauty of the simple, of the austere.
- The refined depth. The subtlety of the detail. The pine tree needles on the ground, the moss taken care of with love. Thelittle things that sometimes are much more important than the bigger ones.
- The naturalness represents nature itself, wise, balanced, rational; all the things contemplated in the garden must look as they were placed there by nature; you will never feel that anything is superfluous, or that anything is missing.
- The suspended serenity, which enables meditation and restful contemplation. The contemplation of the garden must give us energy, must transmit serenity to us. The garden must invite us to go in, intimately, hospitably, privately, and far from other spectators. The garden is our private world, impassable and inaccessible to strangers.
A well designed garden represents a work of art, and, because of its fragile nature, alive and, in constant evolution, with seasonal changes, it continuously demands care and attention, it declines and disappears when the soul of its creator comes to an end.
The Japanese garden, in all its styles, is strongly joined to the aesthetic sensibility of its designer. It emanates such refinement that any aesthetic changes can have repercussions on the whole garden.
MANUEL GARCÍA FERREIRA
Landscape and gardener
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